Un rapport d'expert déconseille au Rwanda d'utiliser le gasoil pour produire de l'électricité
Kigali: A panel of government and independent experts are proposing that Rwanda be “decoupled” from oil as a strategy to cut the rocketing government spending and save the environment, RNA reports.
In a 1,000-page diverse report, the team says Rwanda cannot sustain the annual expenditures amounting to $210million spend on importing oil products, according to
The Chronicles newspaper which has reported the story.
“Rwanda at the moment makes 40 percent of its electricity by burning oil. You don’t need to burn oil in Rwanda to make electricity,” said Prof. Sir David King, the report’s leader investigator, in the interview published by the local weekly. Prof. King is also President Kagame’s science adviser and a member of the Presidential Advisory Council (PAC).
He said: “We are convinced that the electricity needs of Rwanda can be met from geothermal completely by 2020. You also have methane from Lake Kivu; sunlight; you have the means of producing gas from farm waste – which is also being developed in Rwanda.”
The report says: Rwanda imports all of its oil-based products used for energy generation and transport, at a cost of USD210 million (2009) per year, which in 2008 represented 4.7 percent of GDP.
Asked where the government will get the financing needed to implement the proposed alternative projects, Prof King, a former Chief Scientific Advisor to the UK Government (2000-2007) said Rwanda has better chances of getting money from a $30billion UN fund for climate change adaptation.
“I believe Rwanda would be among the very first developing countries to have access to that fund because of this report! Rwanda will be in a very strong position,” said Prof. King.
The latest proposal for government to make a major shift in its policy comes as delegates at a 12-day UN climate conference grapple with efforts to replace the oil Kyoto deal that is expiring.
The interview is published in the latest issue of The Chronicles newspaper.